Mpumalanga, South Africa


Facts, stats, videos and more on the Mpumalanga province of South Africa.

Location: Mpumalanga is located in the eastern part of South Africa, bordering Eswatini (formerly Swaziland) and Mozambique. It shares borders with several South African provinces, including Limpopo, Gauteng, Free State, and KwaZulu-Natal.

Capital: Mpumalanga’s capital city is Nelspruit, also known as Mbombela. It serves as the administrative and economic centre of the province.

Panorama Route: Mpumalanga is famous for its scenic Panorama Route, which offers breathtaking views of dramatic landscapes, including the Blyde River Canyon, God’s Window, and Bourke’s Luck Potholes.

Kruger National Park: The southern part of the world-renowned Kruger National Park falls within Mpumalanga. It is one of Africa’s largest game reserves and a popular tourist attraction, known for its diverse wildlife, including the Big Five.

Economy: The economy of Mpumalanga is driven by industries such as mining, agriculture, tourism, and forestry. The province is known for its coal mining activities, with significant reserves located in the region.

Cultural Heritage: Mpumalanga is home to a rich cultural heritage, including the Ndebele and Swazi cultures. The province celebrates its cultural diversity through festivals, craft markets, and cultural events.

Agriculture: Mpumalanga has a thriving agricultural sector, producing crops such as maize, citrus fruits, sugarcane, vegetables, and subtropical fruits. The province is also known for its forestry industry, with vast plantations of timber.

Waterfalls: Mpumalanga is dotted with beautiful waterfalls, including Lisbon Falls, Mac-Mac Falls, and Berlin Falls. These natural wonders attract visitors from around the country and beyond.

Outdoor Activities: Mpumalanga offers numerous opportunities for outdoor activities. Besides game viewing in national parks, visitors can enjoy hiking, birdwatching, fishing, and exploring the many nature reserves and adventure sports facilities.

Governance: Mpumalanga has its own provincial government, led by a Premier and a Provincial Parliament. It has its own legislative and executive powers, allowing it to address the specific needs and challenges of the province.

Population: As of 2021, the estimated population of Mpumalanga is approximately 4.7 million people, making it the sixth most populous province in South Africa.

Area: Mpumalanga covers an area of approximately 76,495 square kilometres (29,535 square miles), making it the second smallest province in land area.

Economy: The economy of Mpumalanga is diverse, with key sectors including mining, agriculture, manufacturing, tourism, and services. The province is known for its coal mining industry, which contributes significantly to the national energy supply.

Unemployment: Unemployment is a significant challenge in Mpumalanga, as in many other parts of South Africa. The province has been working towards promoting economic development and job creation to address this issue.

Education: Mpumalanga has a network of educational institutions, including universities, colleges, and schools, providing educational opportunities to its residents. However, access to quality education and infrastructure remains challenging in some areas.

Health: Mpumalanga has healthcare facilities, including hospitals and clinics, to cater to the healthcare needs of its population. The province has been working to improve access to healthcare services, particularly in remote and underserved areas.

Mpumalanga in 1 minute

Mpumalanga in 4 minutes

Search accommodation establishments, restaurants, activities and projects here.

Leave a Reply

Stay in touch

Fill in your email to receive occasional updates from The Expedition Project.
We will never share your address and you can opt-out at any time.

Journey to drive change
Certified Social Enterprise 2021 Top Online Program Innovation in Online Programming